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11.Deliberating on the Lifestyle Oriented to Low-Carbon Economy

作  者: GUO Yemin, WANG Lanmei
出  处: Proceedings of 2010 International Symposium on Low-carbon Economy and Technology Science
书  号: 978-0-646-54471-7
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发表日期: 2010年10月
关 键 词: carbon cycle, low carbon economy, lifestyle, deliberating, sustainable development
摘  要: Low-carbon development becomes an inevitable choice and an inevitable trend in future due to the warming global climate. After carbon cycle being analyzed, the concepts of low carbon economy and low carbon lifestyle are put forward. Meanwhile this paper offers many different ways to realize low carbon lifestyle from different angles---optimizing the structure of energy, developing low carbon energy system; attaching importance to technology innovation to construct technology superiority; accelerating the Industry of low carbon; protecting the forest; changing the philosophy and constructing the low carbon lifestyle and consumption model; fostering the talents of low carbon to realize the sustainable development.

12.The Microscopic Porous Flow Mechanisms of CO2 Flooding

作  者: ZHANG Shuo, YANG Ping
出  处: Proceedings of 2010 International Symposium on Low-carbon Economy and Technology Science
书  号: 978-0-646-54471-7
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发表日期: 2010年10月
关 键 词: CO2 flooding, porous flow, microscopic mechanism
摘  要: CO2 as a kind of greenhouse gases is poured to air with a large volume, which results in global warming to a great extent. How to reduce the discharge of CO2 and how to make use of it for energy development has been being concerned by more and more people. CO2 has been utilized for oilfield development and has been becoming one of the most important ways for enhanced oil recovery (EOR). This paper used HTHP (high temperature and high pressure) microscopic observation apparatus to observe the microscopic phase state of CO2 at the reservoir temperature and the microscopic oil displacement state under different pressures. The studies provide the following results: Even though the reservoir temperature is higher than the critical temperature of CO2, state of CO2 is also between gas and liquid under the condition of high pressure, and closer to the latter. At the reservoir temperature, CO2 approaches laminar flow of piston like displacement under the low pressure immiscible state. With the increase of displacement pressure, CO2 flows as the form of hydraulic flow. When it goes miscible phase, CO2 intensifies its turbulence and contacts with crude oil sufficiently; simultaneously, CO2 is closer to liquid state under the condition of high pressure and easier to dissolve in crude oil and can reach miscible phase. Thus, this paper from the view of microcosmic explained that CO2 and crude oil can come to miscible phase easily with the enhancement of pressure.

13.Pedestrian Priority Addressing Car Dependency - Purposes and Benefits

作  者: ALLAN Andrew
出  处: Proceedings of 2010 International Symposium on Low-carbon Economy and Technology Science
书  号: 978-0-646-54471-7
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发表日期: 2010年10月
关 键 词: Pedestrian priority, car usage, car dependency, Carbon pollutions, purposes, benefits
摘  要: This research aims to develop an understanding of encouraging pedestrian transport mode to address negative effects brought by dependency on automobiles such as carbon pollutions. In order to achieve the purpose, the reasons why cities should focus on pedestrian-oriented transport are addressed in a threefold manner: firstly, the knowledge learned from a historical review of dominant transport modes, secondly, the effects of car-oriented transport and pedestrian-oriented transport and thirdly, analysis of targets and benefits of pedestrian priority transport. The research identified the positive effects of pedestrian priority on transport, economic and social aspects.

14.Study on China Green Agriculture Development Strategy

作  者: WU Zhongdong
出  处: Proceedings of 2010 International Symposium on Low-carbon Economy and Technology Science
书  号: 978-0-646-54471-7
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发表日期: 2010年10月
关 键 词: Green Agriculture, Constraints factor, Countermeasure, Base production
摘  要: In order to make China green agriculture development healthy, the theoretical analysis and statistical analysis methods on the current development situation of green agriculture and constraints in China were described in this paper, and the problems and countermeasures of green agriculture development were put forward, study suggests that the development of green agriculture not only needs technology and management reform, but also need government and policy support. Green agriculture is the trend of agricultural development; China should make full use of their potential to develop green agriculture.

15.Low Carbon Lifestyle and Consumer Behavior

作  者: FU Guangcheng, DU Junyan
出  处: Proceedings of 2010 International Symposium on Low-carbon Economy and Technology Science
书  号: 978-0-646-54471-7
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发表日期: 2010年10月
关 键 词: low carbon consumption, rational consumption tendency, perceptual consumption tendency, balanced consumption tendency
摘  要: The low-carbon life, from the details start, reduces carbon emissions is everyone's responsibility. For us, the way of life of each person described the "carbon footprint", a low-carbon living is the simple way of life. Including three layers of meaning, one that people make low-carbon consumer advocate in the consumer choose to uncontaminated or contribute to public health, low-carbon products; Second, focus on the process of consumption cycle of garbage disposal, recycling, low-carbon emissions do not cause environmental pollution; Third, changes in consumer attitudes to guide consumers, respect for nature, the pursuit of health and comfort while in the pursuit of life, pay attention to environmental protection, conservation of resources and energy, to achieve sustainable development. Low-carbon consumption needs to be "human ecological needs" of human health and sustainable development to the needs arising from this need to meet long-term benefit of human life.

16.Study on the Dynamic Change of the Water-Saving Irrigation in Shandong Province

作  者: GAO Peiling, LANG Xinzhu, LIU Xianwei
出  处: Proceedings of 2010 International Symposium on Low-carbon Economy and Technology Science
书  号: 978-0-646-54471-7
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发表日期: 2010年10月
关 键 词: the effective irrigated area, the water-saving irrigated area, the water-saving effect, the dynamic variation
摘  要: Water-saving irrigation is the fundamental solution to the situation of China's agricultural water-shortage which becomes increasingly serious. It can bring about huge economic and social benefits. Shandong province is also short in water, and its agricultural water consumption accounts for about 74%. It is imperative to develop water-saving irrigation. In view of this, we have analyzed the dynamic variation of the effective irrigated area, the water-saving irrigated area as well as the ratio between them from 1996 to 2005. The results showed that: in Shandong Province, the effective irrigated area slightly increased while the water-saving irrigated area grew more, about 93.141 thousand hectares every year. And the rate of them grows all the time, about 1.903% each year. However, every city was quite different each other. The overall province achieved good effect on the water-saving irrigation while some regions still need more promotion.

17.The Strategy Investigation of the Garment Industry Based on Low-Carbon Economy Situation

作  者: WANG Jing, SONG Jinying
出  处: Proceedings of 2010 International Symposium on Low-carbon Economy and Technology Science
书  号: 978-0-646-54471-7
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发表日期: 2010年10月
关 键 词: low-carbon economy, fashion design, fashion making
摘  要: Low-carbon and sustainable development are the global hotspot at present and it is an inevitable method for all the gamrent industries to select the low-carbon development road. This paper reports some feasible measures for garments faced to the low-carbon economy. First, this article introduced the original steps should be adopted in the clothes making from selecting fabrics and accessories in order to deduce the carbon use. Secondly, according to the theory of the body engineering and comfortable of the garment, it reported the handling and innovation methods in the traditional fashion style from style and drafting design. Through these methods, it could be reduce the extra need to the environment after putting on the clothes in order to deduce the carbon discharge. Thirdly, the article reports the methods which could be reduce the carbon usage in the clothes making. Finally, it introduced the possible low-carbon ways in the logistics, sales and afte-sales services of the garments.

18.Field Experiment on Taped Seed Rice Planting Technology

作  者: CUI Hongguang, REN Wentao
出  处: Proceedings of 2010 International Symposium on Low-carbon Economy and Technology Science
书  号: 978-0-646-54471-7
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发表日期: 2010年10月
关 键 词: Rice direct sowing, paper, seed rope
摘  要: A rice planting technology that is taped seed planting technology is put forward. The yield characteristic, water and labor consumption and cost of the technology were studied by field experiments comparing with traditional rice seedling transplanting. The results showed that there was no remarkable difference in yield among the 4 technologies (Direct sowing with taped seed planting technology in dry land, Direct sowing with taped seed planting technology in paddy field, Traditional direct sowing in dry land, Traditional rice seedling transplanting in paddy field), the rice direct sowing technologies have the obvious advantages of saving water, saving seeds, reducing cost, enhancing the working efficiency, and the taped seed planting technology could ensure the seeding quality, increase the productivity, save water, reduce the application of chemicals and fertilizers, decrease the cost, lessen labor intensity, and increase the economic benefit of the farmers. The results could establish a foundation for the taped seed planting technology to be used.

19.Discussion on Achieving Carbon Emission Reduction by Using Red Mud to Absorb CO2

作  者: YANG Chao, WANG Jie
出  处: Proceedings of 2010 International Symposium on Low-carbon Economy and Technology Science
书  号: 978-0-646-54471-7
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发表日期: 2010年10月
关 键 词: characteristics of red mud, red mud adsorption, reduction of carbon emission, X diffraction scanning analysis, energy spectrum analysis, control of waste by waste
摘  要: This paper studies the hydration reaction mechanism of industrial waste (red mud) from alumina plant adsorbing CO2, and by measuring changes in red mud carbon content as well as microcosmic analysis of mineral constituents in red mud reveals that red mud possesses strong adsorption capacity for CO2 in its dry curing process. At the same time, this paper also puts forward the industrial thinking of reducing carbon emission by making use of red mud piling. Adsorbing CO2 by red mud not only reduces CO2 emission, but also helps the safety storage of red mud, so as to realize control of waste by waste and to achieve a double win of economic benefit and social benefit.

20.The Research on Integrated Grain Supply Chain Management Based on Internet of Things

作  者: SUN Hongling, ZHOU Hang
出  处: Proceedings of 2010 International Symposium on Low-carbon Economy and Technology Science
书  号: 978-0-646-54471-7
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发表日期: 2010年10月
关 键 词: internet of things, "pull" supply chain, integration, grain supply chain
摘  要: This paper first optimizes the grain supply chain based on internet of things and network technology, according to the theory of "pull" Supply Chain integrates the function of modern logistics and supply chain, in the use of information technology integrates the enterprises involved of grain supply chain and the link of grain circulation, and then builds integrated grain supply chain model and the whole structure based on radio frequency identification technology, obtains accurate prediction, calculates based on radio frequency technology providing large amounts data and processing power. studies integrated grain supply chain management under the support of internet of things, establish to track the quality of grain and the processed products, control and traceability, to ensure security of grain and the processed products, establish grain security early warning system of supply and demand according to the accurate prediction relying on integrated grain supply chain management based on internet of things, according to integrated supply chain management based on internet of things, reduces logistics costs of grain and the processed products, improves efficiency and effectiveness of circulation.
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